In the TK strain of Drosophila virilis, age-associated changes in reproductive activities (copulating activity and fertility in males and egg-laying activity in females) and lifespan were examined in individual flies. The mean lifespan of individually aged flies was about 11 weeks for both males and females. Copulating activity was maximum in two-week old males, then decreased gradually and finally ended at the age of 13 weeks at which about half of males were still surviving. Females also had a peak in egg-laying activity at the age of two weeks while no eggs were laid by females older than ten weeks, although more than half of females were alive at the stage. Analyses of the relationship between reproductive activity and lifespan of individual flies revealed that shorter lived males exhibited a higher copulating activity in the early stage of their lives than longer lived males. In males whose lifespan was less than ten weeks the reproductive period increased with the lifespan while the post-reproductive period was almost constant (one to two weeks). In males living longer than ten weeks, the reproductive period remained constant (about eight weeks) while the post-reproductive period increased in parallel with the total lifespan. Similar tendencies were also observed in the egg-laying activity of female flies.