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Increased Serum Resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae Strains Producing Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamases†

Authors
  • H. Sahly
  • H. Aucken
  • V. J. Benedí
  • C. Forestier
  • V. Fussing
  • D. S. Hansen
  • I. Ofek
  • R. Podschun
  • D. Sirot
  • J. M. Tomás
  • D. Sandvang
  • U. Ullmann
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2004
Source
PMC
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an association between serum resistance, O serotypes, and the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in Klebsiella pneumoniae. Ninety ESBL-producing and 178 non-ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolates gathered in five European countries were O serotyped and tested for sensitivity to the serum's bactericidal effect. The frequency of serum-resistant isolates was higher among ESBL-producing strains (30%; 27/90 isolates) than among non-ESBL-producing strains (17.9%; 32/178 isolates) (P = 0.037; odds ratio [OR] = 1.96; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 1.08 to 3.53). Although O1 was the most common O serotype in both Klebsiella groups, its frequency among ESBL-producing strains was significantly higher (59%; 53/90 isolates) than among non-ESBL producers (36%; 64/178 isolates) (P = 0.0006; OR = 2.5; 95% CI = 1.52 to 4.29). Furthermore, the prevalence of the O1 serotype was higher among serum-resistant strains of both ESBL-producing (74%; 20/27isolates) and non-ESBL producers (75%; 24/32 isolates) than among serum-sensitive ESBL producers (52.4%; 33/63 isolates) and non-ESBL producers (27.4%; 40/146 isolates). Serum resistance among ESBL-producing strains (36%; 17/47 isolates) versus non-ESBL-producing strains (16%; 27/166 isolates) was also significantly higher after the exclusion of clonal strains (P = 0.0056; OR = 2.9; 95% CI = 1.41 to 6.01). Sixteen ESBL types were detected, among which the frequency of serum resistance was significantly lower among the SHV-producing strains (9/48 isolates) than among the TEM producers (16/35 isolates) (P = 0.016; OR = 3.65; CI = 1.3 to 9.7). Curing ESBL-coding plasmids did not influence the serum resistance of the bacteria; all six plasmid-cured derivatives maintained serum resistance. The present findings suggest that ESBL-producing strains have a greater pathogenic potential than non-ESBL-producing strains, but the linkage between O serotypes, serum resistance, and ESBL production remains unclear at this stage.

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