Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterised by remodelling of the pulmonary vasculature leading to right ventricular (RV) failure. The failing RV, through interventricular uncoupling, deleteriously impacts the left ventricle and overall cardiac efficiency. We hypothesised that the ratio of the pulmonary artery pulse pressure to the systemic pulse pressure ("pulmonary-systemic pulse pressure ratio", or PS-PPR) would be associated with mortality in PAH. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 262 patients in the National Institute of Health Primary Pulmonary Hypertension Registry (NIH-PPH). We evaluated the association between the PS-PPR and mortality after adjustment for the Pulmonary Hypertension Connection (PHC) risk equation. Among 262 patients (mean age 37.5±15.8years, 62.2% female), median PS-PPR was 1.04 (IQR 0.79-1.30). In the Cox proportional hazards regression model, each one unit increase in the PS-PPR was associated with more than a two-fold increase in mortality during follow-up (HR 2.06, 95% CI 1.40-3.02, p=0.0002), and this association of PS-PPR with mortality remained significant in the multivariable Cox model adjusted for the PHC risk equation, mean pulmonary artery pressure, and body mass index (BMI) (adjusted HR 1.81, 95% CI 1.13-2.88, p=0.01). Furthermore, PS-PPR in the upper quartile (>1.30) versus quartiles 1-3 was associated with a 68% increase in mortality after adjustment for these same covariates (adjusted HR 1.68, 95% CI 1.13-2.50, p=0.01). Pulmonary-systemic pulse pressure ratio, a marker of biventricular efficiency, is associated with survival in PAH even after adjustment for the PHC risk equation. Further studies are needed on the wider applications of PS-PPR in PAH patients. Copyright © 2018 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.