Modifications of lipid metabolism and increased plasma membrane fluidity may occur during cell activation and occur in leukocytes of patients with allergic disease. Using a fluorescent probe (TMA-DPH) and a polarization technique, we studied the variations of membrane fluidity in blood leukocytes from allergic and normal subjects. The anisotropic coefficient, which is inversely related to the rotational motion of the probe in membrane phospholipids, was significantly higher in normal subjects than in allergic ones. This result implies an increased membrane fluidity in leukocytes from allergic patients. No correlation could be observed with the etiology or the severity of allergic disease, nor with cell preparation composition or serum IgE level. Such a modification of membrane fluidity has been reproduced after incubation of leukocytes from normal subjects with leukotriene B4, but not with cells from allergic patients. Establishing the mechanism of these differences requires further investigations.