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Incarceration rates and hospital beds per capita: A cross-national study of 36 countries, 1971-2015.

Authors
  • Testa, Alexander1
  • Rennó Santos, Mateus2
  • Weiss, Douglas B3
  • 1 Department of Criminology & Criminal Justice, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA. Electronic address: [email protected]
  • 2 Department of Criminology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
  • 3 Department of Criminal Justice, California State University, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, CA, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Social science & medicine (1982)
Publication Date
Aug 03, 2020
Volume
263
Pages
113262–113262
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113262
PMID: 32784099
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Incarceration carries several negative ramifications for population health, while diverting scarce resources from other public goods. At a time when health care systems around the world are strained, the current study investigates the long-term relationship between incarceration and health care infrastructure. We investigated the longitudinal association between incarceration rates and hospital beds per capita for 36 countries between 1971 and 2015. Fixed effects regression analyses were employed to examine the effect of within-country changes in incarceration rates on hospital beds per capita. Findings demonstrated that increases in national incarceration rates over time were associated with declines in hospital beds per capita, net of controls for socio-demographic and economic factors. Increased incarceration negatively impacts hospital bed availability at the cross-national level. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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