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Improving virgin olive oil quality by means of innovative extracting biotechnologies.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
Publication Date
Volume
51
Issue
9
Pages
2597–2602
Identifiers
PMID: 12696943
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Three major virgin olive oil varieties (Dritta, Leccino, and Coratina) extracted by a modern centrifugation system aided with a new plant enzyme preparation (having prevalently pectolytic activity) were characterized. These oils showed a clearly enhanced quality standard, owing to higher levels of some important minor components (phenolics, volatiles, tocopherols, carotenes, and chlorophylls) and to frequently lower concentrations of oxidized triglycerides and diglycerides. The oils were therefore characterized by lower susceptibility to oxidation and longer shelf life, and their flavor, aroma, and color features appeared to be significantly improved. The saponifiable fraction was practically not affected as the enzymatic effects involved only the membranes of the oil droplets, where the nonglyceridic compounds are essentially located.

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