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Improving the estimation of amino acid requirements to maximize nitrogen retention in precision feeding for growing-finishing pigs.

Authors
  • Remus, A1, 2
  • Del Castillo, J R E3
  • Pomar, C1
  • 1 Sherbrooke Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Sherbrooke, QuebecJ1M 0C8, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 2 Biology Department, Faculty of Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, 2500 boul. de l'Université, Sherbrooke, QuebecJ1K 2R1, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 3 Quebec's Animal Pharmacology Research Group (GREPAQ), Department of Veterinary Biomedicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, 3200 Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, QuebecJ2S 2M2, Canada. , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Animal : an international journal of animal bioscience
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2020
Volume
14
Issue
10
Pages
2032–2041
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S1751731120000798
PMID: 32319362
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Precision feeding requires a mathematical model to estimate standardized ileal digestible (SID) lysine (Lys) requirements (SIDLysR) in real time. However, this type of model requires constant calibration updates. The objective of this study was to review the calibration of the model used to estimate the real-time Lys requirements of individual growing-finishing pigs. A digestibility trial (n = 10) was conducted to evaluate amino acids digestibility during the growing and finishing phases. Additionally, 120 pigs were used in two 28-day growth experiments conducted as completely randomized design with growing (25 ± 2.1 kg BW, n = 60; 10 pigs per treatment) or finishing barrows (68.1 ± 6 kg BW, n = 60; 10 pigs per treatment). In each experiment, the pigs were divided into six equal treatment groups and fed 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, 100% or 110% of their estimated individual SIDLysR. The Lys requirement of each pig was estimated daily using a real-time model. Body composition was measured with dual-energy X-ray densitometry on day 1 and 28 of the experiments. Average daily feed intake increased quadratically (P < 0.05) during both growth phases. Maximum average daily gain (ADG) (0.98 kg) and maximum protein deposition (PD; 170 g/day) were observed in growing pigs fed 100% of the estimated SIDLysR (P < 0.001). During the growing period, PD in BW gain (17% to 19%) and N efficiency (52% to 65%) increased linearly (P < 0.01) with increasing inclusion rates of SID Lys. Finishing pigs had maximum ADG (1.2 kg/day) when they were fed 100% of the requirements. However, the amount of protein in BW gain (13% to 16%) and N efficiency (40% to 55%) increased linearly (P < 0.01) with increasing inclusion rates of SID Lys. In conclusion, the model proposed for precision feeding is correctly calibrated to predict SIDLysR that maximize PD and ADG of average pigs from 25 to 50 kg BW. Still, there is an opportunity to improve the estimation of SIDLysR and N retention in individual pigs by better representing the individual proportion of protein in BW gain and the factors controlling the efficiency of Lys utilization in individual pigs.

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