Inclusion complexes of the digitalis glycosides digitoxin, digoxin, and methyl digoxin with three cyclodextrins (alpha-, beta-, gamma-homologues) in water and in the solid state were studied by a solubility method, IR and 1H-NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray diffractometry. Solid complexes (in a molar ratio of 1:4) of the digitalis glycosides with gamma-cyclodextrin were prepared and their in vivo absorption examined. The rapidly dissolving form of the gamma-cyclodextrin complex significantly increased plasma levels of digoxin (approximately 5.4-fold) after oral administration to dogs.
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The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6644599