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The improvement of lipase secretion and stability by addition of inert compounds into Acinetobacter calcoaceticus cultures.

Authors
  • Martinez, Daniela A
  • Nudel, B Clara
Type
Published Article
Journal
Canadian Journal of Microbiology
Publisher
Canadian Science Publishing
Publication Date
December 2002
Volume
48
Issue
12
Pages
1056–1061
Identifiers
PMID: 12619817
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Acinetobacter calcoaceticus BD413 produces variable amounts of an exocellular lipase that becomes rapidly inactivated upon secretion. To achieve high yield and protect the enzyme, we assayed the addition of several inert compounds to cell-free supernatants, cell fractions, and whole cultures. Glass beads, poly(ethylene glycol) 600, Triton X-100, saccharose, gum arabic, and beta-cyclodextrin were among the compounds tested. beta-Cyclodextrin and gum arabic (and saccharose to a lesser extent) were effective enzyme stabilizers in cell-free supernatants, while gum arabic, glass beads, and Triton X-100 improved lipase secretion from cells, and, therefore, total lipase yield (30-50%, according to the additive). In whole cultures, beta-cyclodextrin was the most effective additive, particularly in combination with glass beads or gum arabic. Indeed, cultures containing beta-cyclodextrin plus gum arabic were able to maintain 95% (+/- 1.5%) of the initial lipase activity for more than 16 h, while control cultures with no additives maintained only 10% (+/- 4%) of the enzyme activity after the same period. In conclusion, the addition of inert compounds in cultures may be considered a useful approach for achieving increased yield and lipase stabilization, amenable for downstream processing.

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