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An improvement to the John-Nirenberg inequality for functions in critical Sobolev spaces

Authors
  • Martínez, Ángel D.1
  • Spector, Daniel2
  • 1 Institute for Advanced Study, Fuld Hall 412, 1 Einstein Drive , (United States)
  • 2 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Nonlinear Analysis Unit, 1919–1 Tancha, Onna-son, Kunigami-gun , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Advances in Nonlinear Analysis
Publisher
De Gruyter
Publication Date
Dec 20, 2020
Volume
10
Issue
1
Pages
877–894
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/anona-2020-0157
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

It is known that functions in a Sobolev space with critical exponent embed into the space of functions of bounded mean oscillation, and therefore satisfy the John-Nirenberg inequality and a corresponding exponential integrability estimate. While these inequalities are optimal for general functions of bounded mean oscillation, the main result of this paper is an improvement for functions in a class of critical Sobolev spaces. Precisely, we prove the inequality H∞β({x∈Ω:|Iαf(x)|>t})≤Ce−ctq′ $$\mathcal{H}^{\beta}_{\infty}(\{x\in \Omega:|I_\alpha f(x)|>t\})\leq Ce^{-ct^{q'}}$$ for all ∥f∥LN/α,q(Ω)≤1 $\|f\|_{L^{N/\alpha,q}(\Omega)}\leq 1$ and any β∈(0,N],whereΩ⊂RN,H∞β $\beta \in (0,N], \; {\text{where}} \; \Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N, \mathcal{H}^{\beta}_{\infty}$ is the Hausdorff content, LN/α,q(Ω) is a Lorentz space with q ∈ (1,∞], q' = q/(q − 1) is the Hölder conjugate to q, and Iαf denotes the Riesz potential of f of order α ∈ (0, N).

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