This article summarizes a speech given by the Deputy Administrator of the USAID at the US and Japan Common Agenda Open Forum in Tokyo in April 1997. The report of working groups indicates future actions on population and health and environment and food security. A major goal for 1998 is to strengthen the bilateral alliance that includes private voluntary organizations (PVOs). PVOs have been extraordinarily successful in promoting stable development with dedication and emotional commitment. PVOs are adept at working at the grassroots levels with flexible and innovative strategies. The speaker referred to successful efforts in Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Mozambique, to improve health and support democratic transitions. The US and Japan agreed over the 3 days of meetings to several areas that PVOs can become involved in: Japan's child survival program, the US-Japan collaboration on conservation of natural resources and biodiversity, and global climate change. The recent Civil Society workshop in Washington, DC, led to collaborations between government and nongovernmental organizations on democratization efforts. USAID has identified some areas for PVO involvement. The US's Overseas Development Assistance agency recommended 3 actions for the Common Agenda: increasing the number of joint implementation missions, using the synergy in joint relations in developing countries, and expanding grassroots programs into larger programs that have national and global impact. Despite budget constraints, there is a concerted effort to improve aid levels.