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The importance of mixed selectivity in complex cognitive tasks.

Authors
  • Rigotti, Mattia
  • Barak, Omri
  • Warden, Melissa R
  • Wang, Xiao-Jing
  • Daw, Nathaniel D
  • Miller, Earl K
  • Fusi, Stefano
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nature
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
May 30, 2013
Volume
497
Issue
7451
Pages
585–590
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/nature12160
PMID: 23685452
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Single-neuron activity in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is tuned to mixtures of multiple task-related aspects. Such mixed selectivity is highly heterogeneous, seemingly disordered and therefore difficult to interpret. We analysed the neural activity recorded in monkeys during an object sequence memory task to identify a role of mixed selectivity in subserving the cognitive functions ascribed to the PFC. We show that mixed selectivity neurons encode distributed information about all task-relevant aspects. Each aspect can be decoded from the population of neurons even when single-cell selectivity to that aspect is eliminated. Moreover, mixed selectivity offers a significant computational advantage over specialized responses in terms of the repertoire of input-output functions implementable by readout neurons. This advantage originates from the highly diverse nonlinear selectivity to mixtures of task-relevant variables, a signature of high-dimensional neural representations. Crucially, this dimensionality is predictive of animal behaviour as it collapses in error trials. Our findings recommend a shift of focus for future studies from neurons that have easily interpretable response tuning to the widely observed, but rarely analysed, mixed selectivity neurons.

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