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The Importance of Ionic Liquids in the Modification of Starch and Processing of Starch-Based Materials

Authors
  • Ptak, Sylwia
  • Zarski, Arkadiusz
  • Kapusniak, Janusz
Type
Published Article
Journal
Materials
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Oct 09, 2020
Volume
13
Issue
20
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/ma13204479
PMID: 33050342
PMCID: PMC7601111
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The main applications of ionic liquids in chemistry and material research on one of the most important natural polymers—starch—are presented in this review. A brief characterization of ionic liquids and the advantages and disadvantages of using them in the modification and processing of polysaccharides is presented. The latest reports on the use of various ionic liquids as solvents or co-solvents; as media for synthesizing starch derivatives in oxidation, etherification, esterification, and transesterification, with particular emphasis on biocatalyzed reactions; and as plasticizers or compatibilizers in the processing of starch-based polymers have been investigated. The current trends, possibilities, and limitations of using this type of compound for the production of functional starch-based materials are presented.

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