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Importance of discriminator base stacking interactions: molecular dynamics analysis of A73 microhelix(Ala) variants.

Authors
  • Nagan, M C
  • Beuning, P
  • Musier-Forsyth, K
  • Cramer, C J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nucleic Acids Research
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2000
Volume
28
Issue
13
Pages
2527–2534
Identifiers
PMID: 10871402
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Transfer of alanine from Escherichia coli alanyl-tRNA synthetase (AlaRS) to RNA minihelices that mimic the amino acid acceptor stem of tRNA(Ala) has been shown, by analysis of variant minihelix aminoacylation activities, to involve a transition state sensitive to changes in the 'discriminator' base at position 73. Solution NMR has indicated that this single-stranded nucleotide is predominantly stacked onto G1 of the first base pair of the alanine acceptor stem helix. We report the activity of a new variant with the adenine at position 73 substituted by its non-polar isostere 4-methylindole (M). Despite lacking N7, this analog is well tolerated by AlaRS. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations show that the M substitution improves position 73 base stacking over G1, as measured by a stacking lifetime analysis. Additional MD simulations of wild-type microhelix(Ala) and six variants reveal a positive correlation between N73 base stacking propensity over G1 and aminoacylation activity. For the two DeltaN7 variants simulated we found that the propensity to stack over G1 was similar to the analogous variants that contain N7 and we conclude that the decrease in aminoacylation efficiency observed upon deletion of N7 is likely due to loss of a direct stabilizing interaction with the synthetase.

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