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Implications of bacteriophages on the acquisition and spread of antibiotic resistance in the environment.

Authors
  • Balcázar, José Luis1, 2
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Microbiology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2020
Volume
23
Issue
4
Pages
475–479
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10123-020-00121-5
PMID: 32002743
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Although bacteriophages (or simply phages) are the most abundant biological entities and have the potential to transfer genetic material between bacterial hosts, their contribution to the acquisition and spread of antibiotic resistance genes in the environment has not been extensively studied. The environment is continually exposed to a wide variety of pollutants from anthropogenic sources, which may promote horizontal gene transfer events, including those mediated by phages. Considering the significant and growing concern of antibiotic resistance, phages should be taken into consideration during the implementation of mitigation measures. This review is focused on the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance in the environment, with a special emphasis on the role of phages.

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