Aspirin is used as chemopreventive agents in a variety of human cancer cells including those of colon, lung, breast, and leukemia. Sodium salicylate (NaSal, the natural deacetylated form of aspirin) induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in A549 cells; high dose (20 mM) of NaSal-induced apoptosis, whereas low dose (2–10 mM) induced cell cycle arrest. We found that NaSal-activated Akt/PKB, ERK1/2, and p38MAPK signal cascades. Twenty micromolar of NaSal-induced apoptotic response of A549 cells was enhanced by the PI3K inhibitors (LY294002 and wortmannin) and in a less extent by the MEK1/2 inhibitors (U0126 and PD98059), whereas it was suppressed by the p38MAPK inhibitor (SB203580). Furthermore, simultaneous inhibition of the Akt/PKB and ERK1/2 signal cascades could lower the dose of NaSal to induce apoptosis to 2 mM in A549 lung cancer cells. Similar enhancement was observed in cells treated with 2 mM NaSal and 100 μM genistein, an inhibitor of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) that are upstream of PI3K and MEK1/2 signaling. We further demonstrated that NAG-1 plays a key role in apoptosis by NaSal-based combined treatment. Collectively, our findings indicate that inhibition of the pro-survival Akt/PKB and ERK1/2 signaling may increase the chemopreventive effects of NaSal and combined treatment of two natural compounds (NaSal and genistein) results in a highly synergistic induction of apoptosis, thereby increasing the chemopreventive effects of NaSal against cancer.