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Implantable cardioverter defibrillators - the past, present and future.

Authors
  • Ammannaya, Ganesh Kumar K1
  • 1 AATS Visiting Fellow, NYU Langone Health, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, NY, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of medical sciences. Atherosclerotic diseases
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.5114/amsad.2020.97103
PMID: 32832716
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Since their formal introduction in 1980, implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have undergone innumerable design modifications through several generations. They are indispensable today in successfully managing fatal ventricular arrhythmias. Their role in averting sudden cardiac death is recognized beyond doubt. Their applications and indications have continuously expanded over the last two decades. This article reviews the salient features in the evolution of ICDs, their current indications, recent advances and future directions. With more advanced detection algorithms, the potential integration with leadless pacing, and the possibility to serve as a remote monitoring device to recognize atrial fibrillation, acute ischemia, or electrolyte imbalance, the application of ICDs is rapidly evolving. Copyright: © 2020 Termedia & Banach.

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