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Impact of simvastatin and losartan on antiinflammatory effect: in vitro study.

Authors
  • Chang, Li-Teh
  • Sun, Cheuk-Kwan
  • Chiang, Chiang-Hua
  • Wu, Chiung-Jen
  • Chua, Sarah
  • Yip, Hon-Kan
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Publisher
Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer) - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2007
Volume
49
Issue
1
Pages
20–26
Identifiers
PMID: 17261959
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Antiinflammatory properties of losartan are currently unclear. This study tested the hypothesis that losartan itself has an antiinflammatory effect comparable to that of simvastatin. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were (1) incubated with culture medium alone, (2) incubated with added C-reactive protein (CRP) (25, 50, 75, and 100 microg/mL) for stimulation, and (3) pretreated with losartan (stepwise increased dose: 100, 300, 500, and 750 micromol/L) and simvastatin (stepwise increased dose: 25, 50, 75, and 100 micromol/L) for 4 hours before adding CRP for stimulation. Surface expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) was determined by flow cytometry. Supernatant levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured by ELISA. Experimental results showed that the effect of CRP on VCAM-1 expression and supernatant levels of MCP-1 and IL-6 increases stepwise as CRP concentrations increase from 25 to 50 to 75 to 100 microg/mL (all P < 0.001). The effect of CRP on VCAM-1 expression in HUVECs and supernatant levels of MCP-1 and IL-6 were significantly suppressed by 25 micromol/L simvastatin with stepwise increased suppression as simvastatin dose increased to 50, 75, and 100 micromol/L (all P < 0.0001). However, losartan did not significantly suppress CRP's effect on VCAM-1 expression in HUVECs (P > 0.5). Moreover, losartan did not suppress CRP's effect on MCP-1 and IL-6 secretion unless a high dose (> or =500 micromol/L) of losartan was used. Compared with simvastatin, losartan had less effect on suppression of CRP-mediated inflammation.

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