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Impact of Religious Activities on Quality of Life and Cognitive Function Among Elderly.

Authors
  • Amir, Syazwan Nazri1
  • Juliana, Norsham2
  • Azmani, Sahar1
  • Abu, Izuddin Fahmy3
  • Talib, Abd Hafiz Qayyum Abd3
  • Abdullah, Farahin3
  • Salehuddin, Intan Zulaikha3
  • Teng, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi4
  • Amin, Nur Azma3
  • Azmi, Nor Amira Syahira Mohd1
  • Aziz, Nur Adilah Shuhada Abd1
  • 1 Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
  • 2 Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. [email protected] , (Malaysia)
  • 3 Institute of Medical Science Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, 43000, Kajang, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
  • 4 Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Selangor, 42300, Bandar Puncak Alam, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Religion and Health
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2022
Volume
61
Issue
2
Pages
1564–1584
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10943-021-01408-1
PMID: 34536189
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Religiosity and spirituality have previously been found to have significant effects on mental and physical health. This study aimed to compare elderly people utilizing different types of religious activities in their daily routine and the effects upon their quality of life and cognitive function. A cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly people dwelling in suburban areas of Malaysia. The Malay version of Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15), Older Americans Resources and Services's Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (OARS's IADL), and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) questionnaires were used in this study. Independent t test was utilized to determine the difference in the quality of life and the cognitive function between groups of elderly people that were categorized based on their level of participation in different religious activities. The study involved 432 participants. The mean score for all domain of SF-36 was significantly higher among those who engaged in the religious activities as compared to those elderly who were either less engaged or did not practice religious activities. The mean score of GDS-15, OARS's IADL, and MoCA was also significantly higher among those who participated in religious activities. There was a significant impact on the quality of life and cognitive function among elderly people practicing religious activities. This study proved the importance of practicing religious activities among the elderly in achieving healthy aging. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

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