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The Impact of Physical Activities on Cognitive Performance among Healthy Older Individuals

Authors
  • Klimova, Blanka1
  • Dostalova, Radka
  • 1 Department of Applied Linguistics, Faculty of Informatics and Management, University of Hradec Kralove, Rokitanskeho 62, 50003 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
Type
Published Article
Journal
Brain Sciences
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Jun 16, 2020
Volume
10
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/brainsci10060377
PMID: 32560126
PMCID: PMC7349640
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Review
License
Green

Abstract

The population is aging in developed countries. This aging process results in many changes, both physical and mental. Over the years, there has been a gradual decline in the level of cognitive functions closely related to the ageing process, which is most often connected with ageing diseases such as dementia. So far, pharmacological treatment has not yet been able to cure this neurological disorder. Health policies around the world seek to find alternative programs and strategies to help a healthy population prevent cognitive decline and prolong active life. One such strategy appears to be physical activity. The aim of this review is to discuss the impact of physical activity on cognitive performance among healthy older individuals. The methodology of this study is based on a systematic electronic literature search of available studies found in three databases: PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. The findings suggest that any physical activity in older age seems to have a positive impact on the improvement of cognitive function. Furthermore, it appears that dancing, due to its multiple mechanisms, might have the biggest effect on the enhancement of cognitive performance in healthy older individuals. However, controlled clinical trials of physical activity intervention in older adults are rare. Therefore, further research in this area (particularly on the amount of physical activity, its intensity and type) is needed.

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