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Impact of pre–stage II hemodynamics and pulmonary artery anatomy on 12-month outcomes in the Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial

Journal
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Publisher
American Association for Thoracic Surgery
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.10.057
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective To compare the interstage cardiac catheterization hemodynamic and angiographic findings between shunt types for the Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial. The trial, which randomized subjects to a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) or right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt (RVPAS) for the Norwood procedure, demonstrated the RVPAS was associated with a smaller pulmonary artery diameter but superior 12-month transplant-free survival. Methods We analyzed the pre–stage II catheterization data for the trial subjects. The hemodynamic variables and shunt and pulmonary angiographic data were compared between shunt types; their association with 12-month transplant-free survival was also evaluated. Results Of 549 randomized subjects, 389 underwent pre–stage II catheterization. A smaller size, lower aortic and superior vena cava saturation, and higher ventricular end-diastolic pressure were associated with worse 12-month transplant-free survival. The MBTS group had a lower coronary perfusion pressure (27 vs 32 mm Hg; P < .001) and greater pulmonary blood flow/systemic blood flow ratio (1.1 vs 1.0, P = .009). A greater pulmonary blood flow/systemic blood flow ratio increased the risk of death or transplantation only in the RVPAS group (P = .01). The MBTS group had fewer shunt (14% vs 28%, P = .004) and severe left pulmonary artery (0.7% vs 9.2%, P = .003) stenoses, larger mid-main branch pulmonary artery diameters, and greater Nakata indexes (164 vs 134, P < .001). Conclusions Compared with the RVPAS subjects, the MBTS subjects had more hemodynamic abnormalities related to shunt physiology, and the RVPAS subjects had more shunt or pulmonary obstruction of a severe degree and inferior pulmonary artery growth at pre–stage II catheterization. A lower body surface area, greater ventricular end-diastolic pressure, and lower superior vena cava saturation were associated with worse 12-month transplant-free survival.

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