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Impact of housing environment and management on pre-/post-weaning piglet productivity.

Authors
  • Ramirez, Brett C1
  • Hayes, Morgan D2
  • Condotta, Isabella C F S3
  • Leonard, Suzanne M4
  • 1 Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA.
  • 2 Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546, USA.
  • 3 Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.
  • 4 Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of animal science
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2022
Volume
100
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1093/jas/skac142
PMID: 35708591
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Achievement of pre-/post-weaning piglet success requires careful environmental management to ensure the thermal needs of the pigs are adequately met to reduce stress and promote livability, performance, and health. This review focuses on the impact and management of the housing environment as well as responses of pigs during the first 8 wk of life, separated into pre-weaning (creep areas) and post-weaning (nursery or wean-finish) phases. Immediately following farrowing, the wet piglet with limited insulation and thermoregulation capabilities requires proper husbandry practices and a strictly controlled microclimate. As the piglet develops throughout lactation, the weaning event and following transportation induces further stress which can be minimized through proper trailer conditions and transition to a grain-based diet. Placement in the new housing environment must prevent cold stress as piglets need to increase feed intake to increase metabolic heat production. An evaluation of available technology for monitoring piglet responses shows the urgent need for further development as their size and environment inhibits the use of wearable or implantable sensors; hence, advanced non-contact approaches are needed. This review provides a comprehensive characterization of the positive and negative impacts of housing environment and management on pre-/post-weaning piglets.

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