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Impact of episodic vertical fluxes on sea surface pCO2.

Authors
  • Mahadevan, A
  • Tagliabue, A
  • Bopp, L
  • Lenton, A
  • Mémery, L
  • Lévy, M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences
Publication Date
May 28, 2011
Volume
369
Issue
1943
Pages
2009–2025
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0340
PMID: 21502173
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Episodic events like hurricanes, storms and frontal- and eddy-driven upwelling can alter the partial pressure of CO(2) (pCO(2)) at the sea surface by entraining subsurface waters into the surface mixed layer (ML) of the ocean. Since pCO(2) is a function of total dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), temperature (T), salinity and alkalinity, it responds to the combined impacts of physical, chemical and biological changes. Here, we present an analytical framework for assessing the relative magnitude and sign in the short-term perturbation of surface pCO(2) arising from vertical mixing events. Using global, monthly, climatological datasets, we assess the individual, as well as integrated, contribution of various properties to surface pCO(2) in response to episodic mixing. The response depends on the relative vertical gradients of properties beneath the ML. Many areas of the ocean exhibit very little sensitivity to mixing owing to the compensatory effects of DIC and T on pCO(2), whereas others, such as the eastern upwelling margins, have the potential to generate large positive/negative anomalies in surface pCO(2). The response varies seasonally and spatially and becomes more intense in subtropical and subpolar regions during summer. Regions showing a greater pCO(2) response to vertical mixing are likely to exhibit higher spatial variability in surface pCO(2) on time scales of days.

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