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Impact de la BPCO sur la qualité de vie et l’état de santé mentale chez cent patients tunisiens

Authors
  • Maoua, M.
  • El Maalel, O.
  • Abdelghani, A.
  • Boughattas, W.
  • Kalboussi, H.
  • Chatti, S.
  • Bel Hadj Ibrahim, H.
  • Brahem, A.
  • Debbabi, F.
  • Benzarti, M.
  • Mrizak, N.1
  • 1 Teaching Hospital Farhat Hached of Sousse
Type
Published Article
Journal
Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.pneumo.2013.11.009
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) constitutes a penalty in physical activities of patients. Its mental repercussions are important and expressed in a significant impairment of quality of life. ObjectivesTo evaluate the quality of life and its determinants in Tunisian patients with COPD. MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional study over a period of 6months from January 2008 to June 2008 and focused on patients with COPD hospitalized and monitored in the department of respiratory diseases in Farhat Hached Teaching hospital of Sousse in Tunisia. We used the French version of Saint George's respiratory questionnaire (SGRQ) to study the quality of life and the Hospital Anxiety Depression (HAD) for the exploration of anxiety and depression. ResultsAmong 100 patients included in the study, the SGRQ overall score average was 44.31±13.85%. Ten patients had depression and 9 patients had an anxiety state. The results of the multiple linear regression analysis showed that four factors were associated significantly with impaired quality of life: dyspnea, the number of exacerbations, comorbidity and depression. ConclusionThe psychological impact and effect on quality of life of COPD are additional tools combined with physical and spirometric data during the follow-up of treatment of patients and should be systematically sought by practitioners, which is still rare in Tunisia.

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