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Impact of childhood type 1 diabetes on maternal work-family relations

Authors
  • Shalitin, Shlomit
  • Hershtik, Efrat
  • Phillip, Moshe
  • Gavan, Michal-Yackobovitz
  • Cinamon, Rachel Gali
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
Publisher
Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Publication Date
Apr 11, 2018
Volume
31
Issue
5
Pages
569–576
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/jpem-2018-0056
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family facilitation (WFF) of working mothers of children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) compared with those of working mothers of children under follow-up not requiring treatment and of healthy children, and to explore the impact of organizational resources and the characteristics of the child and his disease on this interface. Methods: The study included 157 working mothers: 50 mothers of children with T1D, 50 mothers of children on medical follow-up without chronic illness and 57 mothers of healthy children. The participants completed validated questionnaires including the WFC scale, WFF scale, organizational resources support scale, life and work satisfaction questionnaire, a background demographic questionnaire and a child health questionnaire. Mothers of children with T1D also completed a questionnaire relating to diabetes management. Results: Almost half of the mothers of children with T1D found it necessary to reduce their working hours or to change their workplace. This group also reported a significantly higher level of colleague support. There were no significant differences in WFC and WFF between mothers of children with T1D and controls. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the effect of raising a T1D child on the mother’s vocational behavior. Despite the additional burden, work is a source of enrichment for these mothers.

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