Despite the availability of new antifungal compounds, invasive aspergillosis carries high morbidity and mortality in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. In vitro studies and animal models suggest that the adoptive transfer of natural killer (NK) cells might be a promising immunotherapeutic option in this setting. As it is unclear whether the viability and function of human NK cells are affected by common antifungal agents, we analyzed the interaction of various concentrations of amphotericin B deoxycholate (AmB-D), liposomal amphotericin B, caspofungin, fluconazole, voriconazole, and posaconazole with human NK cells. When adding NK cells to therapeutic concentrations of antifungal agents, a significant increase in the antifungal effect was seen for caspofungin and voriconazole, whereas NK cells significantly decreased the hyphal damage of escalated doses of AmB-D. In contrast, therapeutic concentrations of all antifungal compounds tested did not have a negative effect on proliferation, viability, and the release of soluble immunomodulatory molecules of NK cells. These data indicate that therapeutic concentrations of the antifungal agents tested do not negatively affect the functional properties of human NK cells, which is a prerequisite for further studies evaluating NK cells as antifungal immunotherapy in immunocompromised patients suffering from invasive aspergillosis. Copyright © 2019 American Society for Microbiology.