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Immunoresponses to Neisseria meningitidis epitopes: suppression of secondary response to phosphorylcholine is carrier specific.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Infection and immunity
Publication Date
Volume
51
Issue
1
Pages
224–232
Identifiers
PMID: 2416688
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Results of our previous work have shown that Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B M986 can induce a phosphorylcholine (PC)-specific plaque-forming cell immunoresponse in mice. Also, a single injection of a relatively low dose of meningococci in NBF1 female mice induced a priming time-dependent suppression on subsequent meningococcus challenge. This suppression was not due to switching to another class of immunoglobulin nor to the presence of a capsule on N. meningitidis. In this study we show that suppression induced by meningococcus is carrier specific. Furthermore, we offer evidence suggesting that the structure(s) on meningococcus that trigger this suppression is heat labile and different from the antigenic structure(s) recognized by the suppressed B cells. In addition, we found that there is a gradual increase in antibody secretion rates of N. meningitidis-induced anti-PC plaque-forming cells that correlates with N. meningitidis priming time. Rather unexpected was the fact that pretreatment of mice with PC-keyhole limpet hemocyanin (thymus-dependent antigen) had a great influence on the subsequent PC-specific immunoresponses induced by N. meningitidis and PC-coupled heat-inactivated meningococcus [PC-(NMB)HI], as shown by (i) a striking decrease in T15 idiotype expression, (ii) concomitant direct anti-PC plaque-forming cells reduction, (iii) switching to immunoglobulin G (N. meningitidis-induced immunoresponse) or immunoglobulin G plus immunoglobulin A [PC-(NMB)HI-induced immunoresponse], and (iv) a significant increase in heterogeneity of plaque-forming cell secretion rates. The possibility that N. meningitidis, PC-(NMB)HI, and PC-KLH stimulate B lymphocytes pertaining to three different subpopulations embedded in distinct regulatory circuits is discussed, with emphasis on the interrelationships between T-dependent and T-independent lymphocyte compartments. We focus on the possibility of the existence of high-level regulatory circuits in which lymphocyte subpopulations or sets of lymphocyte subpopulations with different requirements of activation are connected.

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