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Immunohistochemical detection of breast specific antigens and cytokeratins in metastatic breast carcinoma in the liver.

Authors
  • Akasofu, M
  • Kawahara, E
  • Kurumaya, H
  • Nakanishi, I
Type
Published Article
Journal
Acta pathologica japonica
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1993
Volume
43
Issue
12
Pages
736–744
Identifiers
PMID: 7509105
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The present study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic reliability of antibodies to breast carcinoma-specific antigen and antibodies to cytokeratin catalogue in a metastatic hepatic lesion. Immunohistochemical examinations using antibodies to gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 (GCDFP-15), BCA-225 (a glycoprotein secreted by T47D breast carcinoma cell line) and BRST-5 (a glycoprotein identified in SK-BR-7 breast carcinoma cell line), anti-cytokeratin monoclonal antibodies of MA904, AE3, CAM5.2, PKK1 and cytokeratin 19, and polyclonal anti-keratin antibodies were done. These were on 15 cases of primary breast carcinoma, eight cases of metastatic breast carcinoma in the liver, five cases of cholangiocarcinoma, eight cases of hepatocellular carcinoma and 11 cases of metastatic adenocarcinoma of another primary tumor in the liver. Results showed that GCDFP-15 antigen was most reliable: it was 100% positive in both primary and metastatic breast carcinomas unrelated to histological subtypes, and 100% negative in primary or other metastatic carcinomas in the liver. BCA-225 antigen was detected in high amounts in breast carcinomas (100%, 23/23), but it was positive in cholangiocarcinomas (80%, 4/5) and another metastatic carcinoma in the liver (64%, 7/11). BRST-5 was specifically positive in breast carcinomas but the positivity was low (13%, 3/23). Cytokeratin 19 and keratin were useful to discriminate hepatocellular carcinomas (0%, 0/8) from breast carcinomas (87%, 20/23; 96%, 22/23), but they were also positive in cholangiocarcinomas (100%, 5/5) and other metastatic carcinomas in the liver (91%, 10/11).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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