The morbidity and mortality of vaccine-preventable diseases among older adults are high. Despite the benefits of elderly vaccination, vaccination rates remain low and especially among some minority groups. Specific strategies for improving the rate of vaccination have been developed for medical offices and clinics, hospitals, and other health care institutions. There are vaccines that are recommended routinely for the elderly while other vaccines are recommended in certain circumstances. Knowing the indications, contraindications, and adverse reactions to the recommended vaccines for the elderly is very important to the primary care physicians.