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Imigração e sexualidade: solicitantes de refúgio, refugiados e refugiadas por motivos de orientação sexual na cidade de São Paulo

  • Andrade, Vítor Lopes
Publication Date
Nov 14, 2017
Repositório Institucional da UFSC
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Abstract : Since 2002, Brazil has been conferring the status of refugee for foreign people with the founded fear of being persecuted in their origin countries because of their sexual orientation. The general objective of this research was to analyze the social networks established/activated by these non-heterosexual asylum seekers and refugees once they were in the city of São Paulo, that is, to delineate a morphology of the social networks constituted by them. The specific objectives were: to verify in which social networks and in which moments the non-heterosexuality is presented, in other words, in which circumstances they disclose that they are not heterosexual; and to identify the possible formation/insertion in support networks specific for non-heterosexual sexualities. To achieve these objectives, an ethnographic field research was carried out in the city of São Paulo, which was possible through the volunteering in a non-governmental organization. The results showed that the non-heterosexuality is disclosed only in strategic moments, such as when it is the only reason to justify the asylum claim. The fear of being persecuted because of one?s sexual orientation by the fellow countrymen and other asylum seekers persists in Brazil, which results in the continuing hiding of non-heterosexual asylum seekers and refugees? sexualities. Asylum seekers and refugees for reasons of sexual orientation do not constitute a social network among themselves and they do not take part in the national LGBT support networks in São Paulo. In this sense, it is possible to conclude that these refugees and asylum seekers undoubtedly find a more favorable and receptive atmosphere for their sexual orientations, but they keep on living through the logic of silence and invisibility.

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