Affordable Access

The ilvB locus of Escherichia coli K-12 is an operon encoding both subunits of acetohydroxyacid synthase I.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nucleic acids research
Publication Date
Volume
13
Issue
11
Pages
3979–3993
Identifiers
PMID: 2989781
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The ilvB locus of Escherichia coli K-12 encloses two open reading frames defining polypeptides of 60,000 and 11,200 molecular weight. The entire locus, about 2.3 kb, is co-transcribed as an operon. The molecular weights and amino acid compositions of the presumptive operon polypeptides agree with those of the large and small subunit polypeptides of acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) I, for which ilvB is the structural locus. We reserve the designation ilvB for the promoter proximal (longer) cistron and designate the promoter distal cistron ilvN. The molecular weight and amino acid sequence of the ilvB polypeptide are strikingly similar to those of the I1vI (larger subunit of AHAS III) and I1vG (larger subunit of AHAS II) polypeptides. There is less size uniformity among the I1vN, I1vH (smaller subunit of AHAS III), and I1vM (smaller subunit of AHAS II) polypeptides. Nevertheless, there is significant amino acid sequence homology among the three small subunit polypeptides. Thus, all three AHAS isozymes of E. coli K-12 probably have a common evolutionary origin.

Statistics

Seen <100 times