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An Illustrative Review of Common Modern Craniotomies

Authors
  • Rao, Dinesh1
  • Le, Rebecca Tuan1, 2
  • Fiester, Peter1
  • Patel, Jeet1
  • Rahmathulla, Gazanfar3
  • 1 Department of Radiology, UF Health Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Florida , (United States)
  • 2 Department of Radiology, Rochester General Hospital, Rochester, New York , (United States)
  • 3 Department of Neurosurgery, UF Health Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Florida , (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Publisher
Scientific Scholar
Publication Date
Dec 10, 2020
Volume
10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.25259/JCIS_176_2020
PMID: 33408956
PMCID: PMC7771396
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Review Article
License
Green

Abstract

Craniotomy, or a surgical opening into the skull, has been observed as early as Paleolithic and Neolithic periods. Early craniotomies carried great morbidity and mortality and standardized during the 20th century, improving surgical outcomes. The simultaneous evolution of medical imaging and stereotactic navigation systems has allowed imaging to correlate findings with surgical approaches, further optimizing patient safety. We review the history of craniotomy and provide an imaging review of the most common craniotomy approaches.

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