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Illustration of the microbial community selected by optimized process and nutritional parameters resulting in enhanced biomethanation of rice straw without thermo-chemical pretreatment.

Authors
  • Tapadia-Maheshwari, Sneha1
  • Pore, Soham1
  • Engineer, Anupama2
  • Shetty, Deepa3
  • Dagar, Sumit S1
  • Dhakephalkar, Prashant K4
  • 1 Bioenergy Group, MACS Agharkar Research Institute, G.G. Agarkar Road, Pune 411004, India; Savitribai Phule Pune University, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007, India. , (India)
  • 2 Bioenergy Group, MACS Agharkar Research Institute, G.G. Agarkar Road, Pune 411004, India. , (India)
  • 3 M.C.E. Society's Abeda Inamdar Senior College, Pune, India. , (India)
  • 4 Bioenergy Group, MACS Agharkar Research Institute, G.G. Agarkar Road, Pune 411004, India; Savitribai Phule Pune University, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007, India. Electronic address: [email protected] , (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Bioresource technology
Publication Date
Jun 11, 2019
Volume
289
Pages
121639–121639
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2019.121639
PMID: 31212172
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Effects of different process and nutritional parameters on microbial community structure and function were investigated to enhance the biomethanation of rice straw without any thermochemical pre-treatment. The study was performed in a mesophilic anaerobic digester with cattle dung slurry as inoculum. The highest methane yield of 274 ml g-1 volatile solids was obtained from particulate rice straw (1 mm size, 7.5% solids loading rate) at 37 °C, pH-7, when supplemented with urea (carbon: nitrogen ratio, 25:1) and zinc as trace element (100 µM) at 21 days hydraulic retention time. The optimization of conditions selected Clostridium, Bacteroides, and Ruminococcus as dominant hydrolytic bacteria and Methanosarcina as the methanogen. Analysis of metagenome and metatranscriptome revealed wide array of bacterial lignocellulolytic enzymes that efficiently hydrolyzed the rice straw. The methane yield was >80% of the theoretical yield, making this green process a sustainable choice for efficient extraction of energy from rice straw. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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