IL-33 promotes gastric tumour growth in concert with activation and recruitment of inflammatory myeloid cells.
- Published Article
- "Impact Journals, LLC "
- Publication Date
- Jan 01, 2022
- DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.28238
- PMID: 35677533
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is an IL-1 family cytokine known to promote T-helper (Th) type 2 immune responses that are often deregulated in gastric cancer (GC). IL-33 is overexpressed in human gastric tumours suggesting a role in driving GC progression although a causal link has not been proven. Here, we investigated the impact of IL-33 genetic deficiency in the well-characterized gp130 F/F mouse model of GC. Expression of IL-33 (and it's cognate receptor, ST2) was increased in human and mouse GC progression. IL-33 deficient gp130 F/F /Il33 -/- mice had reduced gastric tumour growth and reduced recruitment of pro-tumorigenic myeloid cells including key mast cell subsets and type-2 (M2) macrophages. Cell sorting of gastric tumours revealed that IL-33 chiefly localized to gastric (tumour) epithelial cells and was absent from tumour-infiltrating immune cells (except modest IL-33 enrichment within CD11b+ CX3CR1+CD64+MHCII+ macrophages). By contrast, ST2 was absent from gastric epithelial cells and localized exclusively within the (non-macrophage) immune cell fraction together with mast cell markers, Mcpt1 and Mcpt2. Collectively, we show that IL-33 is required for gastric tumour growth and provide evidence of a likely mechanism by which gastric epithelial-derived IL-33 drives mobilization of tumour-promoting inflammatory myeloid cells. Copyright: © 2022 Tran et al.