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IL-7 up-regulates HIV-1 replication in naturally infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)
Publication Date
Volume
156
Issue
6
Pages
2324–2330
Identifiers
PMID: 8690924
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We have investigated the effect of exogenous IL-7 on replication of HIV-1 in PBMCs isolated from asymptomatic, chronically infected donors. We show that IL-7 induced virus replication and increased proviral DNA levels in CD8- PBMC cultures. IL-7 also increased the levels of doubly spliced HIV-1 tat RNA in these cultures. In comparison, IL-2 induced lower levels of virus production than IL-7, but had a more pronounced effect on cell proliferation. The IL-7-mediated increase in virus replication was not inhibited by neutralizing mAbs to IL-1 beta, IL-2, IL-6, or TNF-alpha, and was only partially dependent on ligation of the T cell accessory molecule CD28. CD8+ cells inhibited the increase in viral replication following IL-7 stimulation, but did not prevent virus replication following ligation of CD3 in the presence of IL-7. The data shows that IL-7 regulates HIV-1 replication in naturally infected PBMCs.

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