The isolation of apolipoprotein A-I-containing lipoproteins [Lp(A-I)] by selected-affinity immunosorption minimizes the loss of associated proteins that occurs during the isolation of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) by sequential ultracentrifugation. We have used two-dimensional gel electrophoretic analysis to separate the proteins associated with Lp(A-I). Using a combination of amino acid sequencing of transblotted proteins and Western blotting with specific antisera, we have identified a number of associated proteins. The positions of the apolipoproteins (apo) A-I, A-II, A-IV, C-III, D, and E were located on the gels. Lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase and cholesteryl ester transfer protein were identified in association with Lp(A-I) to a greater extent than found associated with HDL after centrifugation. In addition to those proteins previously identified in association with HDL, we detected a number of plasma proteins associated with Lp(A-I), namely, fibrinogen, haptoglobin, proline-rich protein (C4b-binding protein), and apolipoprotein J (SP40,40 sulfated glycoprotein). The co-isolation of these proteins with Lp(A-I) does not appear to be an artifact in that they have very low affinity for a sham column containing covalently bound preimmune goat IgG in place of the anti-apoA-I IgG. These findings suggest that in addition to apolipoproteins that exist largely in association with lipoproteins there is another class of proteins which exist in lipoprotein-associated form and in the dispersed state. Detection and identification of these lipoprotein-associated proteins may aid in the mechanistic determination of a number of observed functions attributed to HDL.