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Identification of the physical mechanism of generation of coherent N2(+) emissions in air by femtosecond laser excitation.

Authors
  • Ni, Jielei
  • Chu, Wei
  • Jing, Chenrui
  • Zhang, Haisu
  • Zeng, Bin
  • Yao, Jinping
  • Li, Guihua
  • Xie, Hongqiang
  • Zhang, Chaojin
  • Xu, Huailiang
  • Chin, See-Leang
  • Cheng, Ya
  • Xu, Zhizhan
Type
Published Article
Journal
Optics Express
Publisher
The Optical Society
Publication Date
Apr 08, 2013
Volume
21
Issue
7
Pages
8746–8752
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1364/OE.21.008746
PMID: 23571963
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Recently, amplification of harmonic-seeded radiation generated through femtosecond laser filamentation in air has been observed, giving rise to coherent emissions at wavelengths corresponding to transitions between different vibrational levels of the electronic B(2)Σ(u)(+) and X(2)Σ(g)(+) states of molecular nitrogen ions [Phys. Rev. A. 84, 051802(R) (2011)]. Here, we carry out systematic investigations on its physical mechanism. Our experimental results do not support the speculation that such excellent coherent emissions could originate from nonlinear optical processes such as four-wave mixing or stimulated Raman scattering, leaving stimulated amplification of harmonic seed due to the population inversion generated in molecular nitrogen ions the most likely mechanism.

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