Catalase-positive actinomycetes which closely resemble the “hamster organism” described by Howell have been isolated from dental calculus and other human sources. These cultures could not be distinguished from the hamster strains on the basis of morphology, oxygen requirements, biochemical reactions, or cell wall composition. These human isolates have been classified with the hamster strains as Actinomyces viscosus. The strains from hamster and human sources fell into two serotypes. Serotype 1 contains the hamster strains plus one strain of unknown origin, whereas serotype 2 contains all of the human strains.