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Identification of an invariant response: stable contact with schwann cells induces veil extension in sensory growth cones.

Authors
  • Polinsky, M
  • Balazovich, K
  • Tosney, K W
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Neuroscience
Publisher
Society for Neuroscience
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2000
Volume
20
Issue
3
Pages
1044–1055
Identifiers
PMID: 10648710
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Growth cones sense cues by filopodial contact, but how their motility is altered by contact remains unclear. Although contact could alter motile dynamics in complex ways, our analysis shows that stable contact with Schwann cells induces motility changes that are remarkably discrete and invariant. Filopodial contact invariably induces local veil extension. Even when contacts are brief, veils always extend before the filopodia retract. Contact at filopodial tips suffices for induction. Moreover, veils extend significantly sooner than on filopodia contacting laminin, which often detach without extending veils. The overall behavioral responses of the growth cone, such as increased area and turning, result from integrating multiple discrete responses. Cycles of veil induction enlarge the growth cone and often lead it onto the cell. Invariant veil induction is abolished by blocking N-cadherin signaling. We propose an axonal guidance model in which different guidance cues act by inducing different but discrete and invariant responses.

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