By transferring a semidwarf gene (sd-1) from Taichung Native 1 into a tall Japanese cultivar, Norin 29, through seven backcrosses, a semidwarf near-isogenic line SC-TN1 was obtained. The proteins of the embryo in Norin 29 and SC-TN1 were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Most of the proteins showed the same electrophoretic pattern. However, it was found that there was a difference in the appearance of two basic glycoproteins designated as SRP-1 and SRP-2. These proteins exhibited the same molecular mass, but different isoelectric points. Hybridization results indicated that a single locus controls SRP-1 and SRP-2 with codominant alleles. The gene symbol Srp was given to this locus, with alleles Srp-1 and Srp-2 responsible for SRP-1 and SRP-2, respectively. Srp-2 was found in all of the semidwarf cultivars and lines having sd-1, except a tall cultivar Tsaiyuan-chung. This finding suggests that Srp-2 may be closely linked with sd-1. The amounts of these proteins markedly increased after water absorption of the seed, suggesting that these proteins may be related to the early development of the plant.