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Identification of bovine viral diarrhea virus type 2 in Korean native goat (Capra hircus).

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Virus Research
0168-1702
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
121
Issue
1
Pages
103–106
Identifiers
PMID: 16766076
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In the genus Pestivirus, four genetically distinct viral species are currently recognized: bovine viral diarrhea viruses type 1 and 2 (BVDV-1, BVDV-2), classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and border disease virus (BDV). BVDV-1 and BDV infections have been described in goat species. Since 1998, border disease (BD) like symptoms in goats have been reported repeatedly in two southern-most provinces of Korea, which until then had been regarded as being free from BD. As a result of retrospective investigations of BD-like syndrome in goat reported between 1998 and 2004, a pestivirus was identified from intestinal content of an affected kid submitted in 1999. Both sequences of 5'-non-coding region and complete N(pro) gene from the isolate were analyzed to identify the genotype. Interestingly, the results revealed that the isolate belonged to BVDV-2 that is rarely reported even in cattle. The isolate showed close relationship to North American and European strains rather than the geographically closer Japanese strains. To authors' knowledge, this is the first identification of BVDV-2 in goat species.

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