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Identification of all classes of spin-trapped carbon-centered radicals in soybean lipoxygenase-dependent lipid peroxidations of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids via LC/ESR, LC/MS, and tandem MS.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Free Radical Biology and Medicine
0891-5849
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
34
Issue
8
Pages
1017–1028
Identifiers
PMID: 12684086
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Using the combined techniques of on-line high performance liquid chromatography/electron spin resonance (LC/ESR) and mass spectrometry (MS), we previously identified spin-trapped adducts of all expected carbon-centered lipid-derived radicals ((*)L(d)) formed in linoleic acid peroxidation. In the present study, spin trapped lipid-derived carbon-centered radicals formed from the reactions of two omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs: linoleic and arachidonic acids) with soybean lipoxygenase in the presence of alpha-[4-pyridyl 1-oxide]-N-tert-butyl nitrone (POBN) were identified using a combination of LC/ESR and LC/MS. All expected lipid-derived carbon-centered radicals in lipoxygenase-dependent peroxidations of linoleic acid and arachidonic acid were detected and identified by the combination of LC/ESR and LC/MS with confirmation by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The five classes of (*)L(d) formed from both omega-6 PUFAs including lipid alkyl radicals (L(*)), epoxyallyic radicals (OL(*)), dihydroxyallyic radicals ((*)L(OH)(2)), and a variety of R(*) and (*)RCOOH from beta-scission of lipid alkoxyl radicals, gave distinct retention times: POBN/(*)L(OH)(2) approximately 4-6 min, POBN/R(*) and POBN/(*)RCOOH approximately 8-22 min, POBN/L(*) and PBON/OL(*) approximately 25-36 min. The major beta-scission products in peroxidations of omega-6 PUFAs were the pentyl radicals. The ratio of beta-scission products, however, varied significantly depending on pH, [PUFA], as well as [O(2)].

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