Monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) against Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 7 were produced and characterized. Three Mabs directed against surface polysaccharides were selected. One of the Mabs was directed against a capsular polysaccharide epitope (CPS) of A. pleuropneumoniae serotype 7 whereas two other Mabs reacted with different epitopes of the LPS O-chain. One of the latter reacted with the reference strain of serotype 7 and the other one with serotypes 7 and 4. These three Mabs were used to test, by Dot-ELISA, 508 field strains of A. pleuropneumoniae. None of the strains belonging to other serotypes different from serotypes 4 and 7 were positive with the Mabs. Used in combination, the CPS and one of the LPS O-chain directed Mabs were shown to be suitable for serotyping since they detected 100% of serotype 7 strains. In this study, we confirm for the first time that A. pleuropneumoniae serotype 4 is present in North America. Finally, both O-chain specific Mabs also reacted with the O-chain of Actinobacillus lignieresii. The cross-reactivity between the two species was confirmed using sera from pigs experimentally infected with A. pleuropneumoniae serotype 7 and A. lignieresii, using immunoblotting and ELISA. This is the first report of a specific cross-reactivity between the LPS of these bacterial species.