Creatine kinase isoenzymes from Torpedo californica electric organ, skeletal muscle, and brain were purified and characterized. Torpedo electric organ and skeletal muscle creatine kinase have identical apparent Mr, electrophoretic mobility, and cyanogen bromide fragments. The electrophoretic mobility of the Torpedo creatine kinase was anodal as compared to mammalian MM creatine kinase. No creatine kinase isoenzyme with an electrophoretic mobility similar to mammalian BB creatine kinase was seen in any of the Torpedo tissues examined. Hybridization studies demonstrate the Torpedo electric organ creatine kinase to be composed of identical subunits and capable of producing an enzymatically active heterodimer when combined with canine BB creatine kinase. Creatine kinase from sucrose gradient-purified Torpedo electric organ acetylcholine receptor-rich membranes has an electrophoretic mobility identical with the cytoplasmic isoenzyme and an apparent Mr identical with mammalian MM creatine kinase. Western blot analysis showed Torpedo electric organ skeletal muscle creatine kinase and acetylcholine receptor-enriched membrane creatine kinase reacted with antiserum specific for canine MM creatine kinase. NH2-terminal amino acid sequence determinations show considerable sequence homology between human MM, Torpedo electric organ, chicken MM, and porcine MM creatine kinase. The acetylcholine receptor-associated creatine kinase is, therefore, identical with the cytoplasmic form from the electric organ and is composed of M-subunits.