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Structural results on lifting, orthogonality and finiteness of idempotents

Authors
  • Tarizadeh, Abolfazl1
  • Sharma, Pramod K.2
  • 1 University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran , Maragheh (Iran)
  • 2 School of Mathematics, D.A.V.V., Indore, 452001, India , Indore (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Revista de la Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales. Serie A. Matemáticas
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Publication Date
Dec 27, 2021
Volume
116
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s13398-021-01199-w
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Original Paper
License
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Abstract

In this paper, using the canonical correspondence between the idempotents and clopens, we obtain several new results on lifting idempotents. The Zariski clopens of the maximal spectrum are precisely determined, then as an application, lifting idempotents modulo the Jacobson radical is characterized. Lifting idempotents modulo an arbitrary ideal is also characterized in terms of certain connected sets related to that ideal. Then as an application, we obtain that the sum of a lifting ideal and a regular ideal is a lifting ideal. We prove that lifting idempotents preserves the orthogonality in countable cases. The lifting property of an arbitrary morphism of rings is characterized. As another major result, it is proved that the number of idempotents of a ring R is finite if and only if it is of the form 2κ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$2^{\kappa }$$\end{document} where κ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\kappa $$\end{document} is the cardinal of the connected components of Spec(R)\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\text {Spec}}(R)$$\end{document}. Finally, it is proved that the primitive idempotents of a zero dimensional ring are in 1-1 correspondence with the isolated points of its prime spectrum. These results either generalize or improve several important results in the literature.

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