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Iatrogenic possibilities of orthodontic treatment and modalities of prevention.

Authors
  • Meeran, Nazeer Ahmed
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of orthodontic science
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2013
Volume
2
Issue
3
Pages
73–86
Identifiers
DOI: 10.4103/2278-0203.119678
PMID: 24987646
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The benefits of orthodontic treatment are numerous and in most cases, the benefits outweigh the possible disadvantages. Orthodontic treatment can play an important role in enhancing esthetics, function, and self-esteem in patients. However, it carries with it the risks of enamel demineralization, tissue damage, root resorption, open gingival embrasures in the form of triangular spaces, allergic reactions to nickel, and treatment failure in the form of relapse. These potential complications are easily avoidable by undertaking certain precautions and timely interventions by both the orthodontist and the patient. The orthodontist must ensure that the patient is aware of the associated risks and stress the importance of the patient's role in preventing these untoward outcomes. The decision whether to proceed with the orthodontic treatment is essentially a risk-benefit analysis, where the perceived benefits of commencing treatment outweigh the potential risks. This article provides an overview of the iatrogenic possibilities of orthodontic treatment and the role of the patient as well as the orthodontist in preventing the associated risks.

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