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Hyperoxia prolongs the aminoglycoside-induced postantibiotic effect in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Authors
  • Park, M K
  • Muhvich, K H
  • Myers, R A
  • Marzella, L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Publication Date
Apr 01, 1991
Volume
35
Issue
4
Pages
691–695
Identifiers
PMID: 1906262
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine whether hyperoxia enhances aminoglycoside activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The existence of tobramycin-oxygen synergy was determined by using the in vitro postantibiotic effect (PAE). P. aeruginosa strains were incubated for 1 h in medium containing tobramycin at four times the MIC in the following gas mixtures: normoxia (21% O2), hyperoxia (100% O2, 101.3 kPa), or hyperbaric oxygen (100% O2, 274.5 kPa). Tobramycin was removed after 1 h and bacteria were incubated under normoxic conditions; growth rates were measured for 5 h. Exposure of three P. aeruginosa strains to hyperoxia prolonged the PAE of tobramycin approximately twofold compared with the PAE after exposure to normoxia (P less than 0.05). Exposure of P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853 to tobramycin and hyperbaric oxygen prolonged the time required for bacteria to increase 1 log10 CFU/ml compared with the time after exposure for this increase to occur in tobramycin-treated, normoxic or hyperoxic groups (P less than 0.02). Pulse-chase labeling of bacteria with L-[35S]methionine, immediately after removal of tobramycin, showed that protein synthesis rates were decreased compared with those in controls (P = 0.0001). Moreover, in tobramycin-treated groups, hyperoxia and hyperbaric oxygen induced 2- and 16-fold decreases, respectively, in protein synthesis rates compared with normoxia; these results did not achieve statistical significance. In the absence of tobramycin, hyperoxia increased bacterial growth (134%; P less than 0.01) and protein synthesis (24%; not significant) compared with normoxia. Hyperbaric oxygen, however, delayed the growth recovery of bacteria (P less than 0.05). We conclude that hyperoxia enhances the bacteriostatic effects of tobramycin in a synergistic manner.+

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