Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Hypericin-loaded lipid nanocapsules for photodynamic cancer therapy in vitro.

Authors
  • Barras, Alexandre
  • Boussekey, Luc
  • Courtade, Emmanuel
  • Boukherroub, Rabah
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nanoscale
Publisher
The Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication Date
Nov 07, 2013
Volume
5
Issue
21
Pages
10562–10572
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1039/c3nr02724d
PMID: 24056802
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Hypericin (Hy), a naturally occurring photosensitizer (PS), is extracted from Hypericum perforatum plants, commonly known as St. John's wort. The discovery of the in vitro and in vivo photodynamic activities of hypericin as a photosensitizer generated great interest, mainly to induce a very potent antitumoral effect. However, this compound belongs to the family of naphthodianthrones which are known to be poorly soluble in physiological solutions and produce non-fluorescent aggregates (A. Wirz et al., Pharmazie, 2002, 57, 543; A. Kubin et al., Pharmazie, 2008, 63, 263). These phenomena can reduce its efficiency as a photosensitizer for the clinical application. In the present contribution, we have prepared, characterized, and studied the photochemical properties of Hy-loaded lipid nanocapsule (LNC) formulations. The amount of singlet oxygen ((1)O2) generated was measured by the use of p-nitroso-dimethylaniline (RNO) as a selective scavenger under visible light irradiation. Our results showed that Hy-loaded LNCs suppressed aggregation of Hy in aqueous media, increased its apparent solubility, and enhanced the production of singlet oxygen in comparison with free drug. Indeed, encapsulation of Hy in LNCs led to an increase of (1)O2 quantum yield to 0.29-0.44, as compared to 0.02 reported for free Hy in water. Additionally, we studied the photodynamic activity of Hy-loaded LNCs on human cervical carcinoma (HeLa) and Human Embryonic Kidney (HEK) cells. The cell viability decreased radically to 10-20% at 1 μM, reflecting Hy-loaded LNC25 phototoxicity.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times