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Hypergravity results in human platelet hyperactivity.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of physiology and biochemistry
Publication Date
Volume
65
Issue
2
Pages
147–156
Identifiers
PMID: 19886393
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Thrombotic diseases or fatalities have been reported to occasionally occur under conditions of hypergravity although the mechanism is still unclear. To investigate the effect of hypergravity on platelets that are the primary players in thrombus formation, platelet rich plasma (PRP) or washed platelets were exposed to hypergravity at 8 G for 15 minutes. No platelet aggregation was induced by 8 G alone, whereas ristocetin or collagen-induced platelet aggregation was significantly increased. The number of platelets adherent to immobilized fibrinogen and the area of platelets spreading on von Willbrand factor (VWF) matrix were increased simultaneously. Flow cytometry assay indicated that integrin alphaIIbbeta3 was partially activated in 8 G-exposed platelets, but there was no significant difference in P-selectin surface expression between platelets treated with 8 G and 1 G control. The results indicate that hypergravity leads to human platelet hyperactivity, but fails to incur essential platelet activation events, suggesting a novel mechanism for thrombotic diseases occurring under hypergravitional conditions.

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