A 15-year-old boy had hypercalcemia in association with malignant retroperitoneal paraganglioma. He had suppressed circulating levels of intact parathyroid hormone, whereas parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) immunoreactivity was elevated in plasma. Both the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels were normal. Preoperatively the patient required control of hypercalcemia with intravenous pamidronate therapy. His circulating calcium and PTHrP concentrations became normal after a successful surgical resection of the primary retroperitoneal tumor. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of elevated PtHrP levels in a patient with paraganglioma which resolved postoperatively.